The major active ingredient in marijuana and hashish is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The exact nature of its hashish effects is not entirely understood. Although it is believed to change to a psychoactive compound in the liver. The higher the THC content, the stronger the effects. The average potency of marijuana in this country has increased since the 1970s.
The effect sought in cannabis use is euphoria, a feeling of wellbeing and elation. This is usually accompanied by a state of altered perception, particularly of distance and time. The euphoric feeling usually peaks within ten to thirty minutes of smoking marijuana, but residual effects may last from two to three hours.
Marijuana and hashish can impair balance, coordination, speech and thinking. Even small amounts of marijuana have been found to adversely affect driving performance.
Some users experience adverse reactions ranging from mild anxiety to panic. Acute psychotic reactions are rare, but episodes of paranoia are possible.
Cannabis is a class of drugs that includes marijuana, hashish, and hash oil. They all come from the plant Cannabis Sativa. Cannabis is usually smoked using methods such as joints and pipes called bongs or hookahs. It can also be eaten. Hashish can be added to food and is often used in brownies as it has a dark brown and crumbly texture.
Typical effects of cannabis (5-10 puffs from one joint) involve feelings of relaxation, and decreased inhibitions. People may feel more outgoing and more talkative than usual and their level of concentration may become altered. Other effects include impaired balance, rapid heart beat, reddening of the eyes, increased appetite (also known as the “munchies”), dry mouth and throat, and drowsiness.
With higher doses of cannabis typical effects may include feelings of fear, anxiety, panic, frightening hallucinations, and severe impairments of one’s perception of time and space.
Regular long-term use of cannabis can have some serious effects on the body. Some of these effects include decreased memory and learning abilities, altered patterns of growth and sexual development, bronchitis, emphysema and lung cancer. It can also be dangerous for people who have heart problems, as it speeds up the heart rate and causes it to work faster. For people who have a history of mental illness or emotional problems, regular cannabis use can make these symptoms worse. With consistent use of cannabis people can become psychologically dependent and experience symptoms such as cravings and anxiety if they cannot get the drug. It is also possible to become physically dependent on cannabis and to experience withdrawal symptoms such as sleeping problems, anxiety, irritability and loss of appetite.
EFFECTS OF MARIJUANA AND HASHISH
Marijuana and hashish are considered soft drugs. Differently to opium derivatives ( morphine, heroine, etc. ) and another drugs (LSD, cocaine, etc.) they do not cause . “abstinence syndrome” nor physical need to consume them although they capture you psychologically. In opposition to most of the drugs which lead the consumer to isolate himself from the world, they produce a socializing effect which makes the consumer open to people. Any person, even though much accustomed to consume them, can leave the habit , although for a week or so it will have some symptoms as sleepiness, lost of appetite and anger.
Among the positive effects can be mentioned the increase of imagination, euphoria, sense stimulation, feeling of welfare and hallucinations.
Being consumed in excess produces a series of negative effects: loss of memory, anxiety, mouth dryness, hypertension and tachycardia. It causes another negative consequences such as hair and nail weakness, loss of teeth because of caries, intellectual and physical neglect.
It has been unsuccessfully attempted to prove that the consumption of these drugs may suppose a bridge to consume harder ones.
Short-term hashish effects
- altered perception
- dilated pupils
- impaired concentration & memory
- dry mouth & throat.
- increased heart rate.
- fear & anxiety.
- cravings for sweets, referred to by drug users as, “munchies”.
Muscular incoordination, slurred speech, nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea and reddening of the eyes. Concentration, short-term memory, driving ability, stability, balance, ability to process information and judgement are all markedly impaired. User feels calm, relaxed, talkative and giddy. Sensory perception seems enhanced, colors brighter, sounds more distinct. Appetite, reaction time, pulse rate and pupil size are increased. Sense of time and space distorted. Some users withdraw, or experience fearfulness, spontaneous laughter, anxiety, depression; users experience hallucinations, paranoia and panic reactions with larger doses and symptoms worsen in persons with psychiatric disorders, particularly schizophrenia.
Long-term effects of hash
- reduced levels of male & female hormone
- damage to sperm or menstrual cycles
- temporary loss of fertility in men and women
- loss of motivation clinically referred to as , “Amotivational syndrome” (this loss of interest in motivation to work, attend school, loss of interest in sports, family, etc can also just be a symptom of drug addiction in general)
- lung damage, cancer, bronchitis
- lowered ability to deal with frustration and other unpleasant feelings
- decrease of immunity against infection
- interferes with emotional growth and the personality development of adolescents
Increased risk of cancers, of the oral cavity, pharynx, and esophagus. Respiratory system damaged by smoking. Disruption in menstrual cycle, decreased sperm count, possible congenital abnormalities are also some of the effects. Psychological effects include panic reactions, psychosis, a motivational syndrome, diminished drive, lessened ambition and decreased motivation. Impaired educational attainment and significant adjustment problems. The High:
Hashish is very similar to Marijuana, and is usually smoked or eaten. Hash oil an extract of hashish is even more potent then hashish. Hashish like marijuana is classified as a psychoactive drug, it elevates the users mood, promotes optimism, relaxation and the blossoming of hope, faith, and humor. Hashish eases tensions, reduces stress, and often induces a positive mental attitude, furthermore hashish also heightens your senses as your perceptual fields become more sensitive to detail. Colors and their contrasts become brighter, and more vivid. Sounds have greater depth, are cleaner and the harmonies they produce are more pronounced. This leads to a certain fascination of music often accompanied with the use of marijuana. Cannabis also intensifies physical awareness and alters ones sense of time (an hour may feel like two or three).
bibliography – newdirectionsprogram.com